Indoor and Outdoor School IPM Strategies

Indoor School IPM Strategies

Typical Problem Pests Indoors

  • Ants
  • Cockroaches
  • Flies
  • Microorganisms
  • Mice
  • Rats
  • Spiders
  • Termites

Entryways for Pests

  • Doorways
  • Electrical fixtures and ducts
  • Openings around pipes
  • Overhead doors
  • Screened areas around fans, air conditioners and building ventilation outlets
  • Windows


  1. Keep exterior doors shut when not in use
  2. Place weather stripping around doors
  3. Caulk and seal openings in walls
  4. Make sure screens are correct size for exclusion and in good repair
  5. Keep vegetation at least one foot from the structure

Common Use Rooms

  • Classrooms
  • Gymnasiums
  • Hallways
  • Offices
  • Performance Hall/Auditorium


  1. Allow food and beverages only in designated areas
  2. Keep indoor plants healthy
  3. Keep areas dry as possible by removing standing water and water damaged and wet materials
  4. In all classrooms that have animals, store feed in sealed containers and regularly clean cages
  5. Remove dust, trash and debris in all areas
  6. Routinely clean lockers and desks
  7. Encourage students to clean backpacks regularly, especially of food debris
  8. Frequently vacuum carpeted areas

Food Preparation and Serving Areas

  • Dining Hall
  • Food Storage Rooms
  • Kitchen
  • Teacher’s Lounge
  • Vending Machine Rooms


  1. Store food in containers that are inaccessible to pests
  2. Store waste in containers that are inaccessible to pests
  3. Remove all waste at the end of each day
  4. Place screens on vents, windows and floor drains
  5. Remove all food debris including crumbs
  6. Fix dripping faucets and other water leaks
  7. Promptly clean food preparation equipment after use
  8. Caulk or paint to seal cracks and crevices

Rooms with Extensive Plumbing

  • Bathrooms
  • Crew spaces
  • Locker rooms
  • Rooms with a sink


  1. Keep areas dry
  2. Promptly repair leaks and correct other plumbing problems
  3. Routinely clean floor drains, strainers and grates
  4. Store paper products or cardboard boxes away from moist areas and direct contact with the floors

Maintenance Areas

  • Janitorial rooms
  • Mechanical rooms


  1. Allow eating only in designated rooms
  2. Empty and clean trash cans regularly
  3. Use plastic liners in trash cans
  4. Keep areas as clean and dry as possible
  5. Store paper products or cardboard boxes away from moist areas and direct contact with the floors and walls
  6. Avoid storing cardboard and paper for long periods of time

Outdoor School IPM Strategies

Typical Problem Pests Outdoors

  • Bats
  • Birds
  • Mice
  • Rats

Turf Pests

  1. Broadleaf Weeds
  2. Grassy Weeds
  3. Turf Diseases
  4. Insects
    • Beetle Grubs
    • Sod Webworms
    • Ants
    • Mole Crickets
    • Chinch Bugs

Ornamental Pests

  1. Broadleaf Weeds
  2. Grassy Weeds
  3. Plant Diseases
  4. Insects
    • Caterpillars
    • Thrips
    • Aphids
    • Scales
    • Whiteflies
    • Bagworms
    • Bees
    • Wasps

Common Use Paved Areas

  • Loading Docks
  • Parking Lots
  • Refuse Dumpsters


  1. Regularly clean trash containers and gutters
  2. Keep trash containers away from doorways
  3. Regularly remove all waste and paper debris
  4. Secure lids on trash containers
  5. Repair cracks in pavement and sidewalks
  6. Provide adequate drainage

Common Use Turf Areas

  • Athletic Fields
  • Lawns
  • Playgrounds


  1. Select turf type best adapted for the area
  2. Adjust mowing height to grass type
  3. Vary mowing patterns to reduce soil compaction
  4. Provide good drainage
  5. Aerate soil as needed
  6. Irrigate only when allowed and if the turf needs water
  7. Do not over or under water turf
  8. Follow local watering restrictions and fertilizer ordinances
  9. Have soil analyzed to determine fertilizer requirements
  10. Time fertilizer applications at an appropriate time
  11. Periodically inspect turf for evidence of pests including diseases

Ornamental Shrubs and Trees


  1. Apply fertilizer to annuals and perennials during active growing season
  2. Apply fertilizer to trees and shrubs early in the growth season or during the dormant season
  3. Follow local fertilizer ordinances
  4. Prune branches to improve plants and prevent access by pest to structures
  5. Periodically inspect plants for evidence of pests or diseases
  6. If a plant disease recurs and requires too many resources to keep the plant healthy, remove the susceptible plant
  7. Select replacement plants from among the disease resistant types
  8. Do not over or under water turf


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